Iceland, a Nordic island nation, is defined by its dramatic landscape with volcanoes, hot springs and lava fields. Home to some of the largest glaciers in Europe, Iceland is also the land of light and darkness. Long summer days with nearly 24-hours of sunshine are offset by short winter days with only a few hours of daylight.
Most of the country's 323,000 inhabitants live in the capital, Reykjavik, which runs on geothermal power and is home to the National and Saga museums, tracing Iceland’s Viking history. Iceland was the last country in Europe to be settled and remained an isolated nation of mostly farmers and fisherman until the early 20th century.
Now a dynamic society with a highly active tourism industry, isolation and the extreme nature show their mark on Icelandic culture. Icelandic people are a resilient nation where family ties are tight, the sense of tradition is strong, and the bond with nature is powerful.